This repository showcases and compares different architectural patterns that can be used to build Android apps. The exact same sample app is built three times using the following approaches:
Standard Android: traditional approach with layouts, Activities/Fragments and Model.
MVP: Model View Presenter.
MVVM: Model View ViewModel with data binding.
The sample app displays a list of GitHub public repositories for a given username. Tapping on one of them will open a repository details screen, where more information about the repo can be found. This screen also shows information about the owner of the repository.
- AppCompat, CardView and RecyclerView
- Data Binding (only MVVM)
- RxJava & RxAndroid
- Retrofit 2
/app directoy contains the implementation that follows the traditional standard Android approach. This is a couple of layout files, two Activities and the model. The model is exactly the same for the three implementations and it contains:
User and a retrofit service (
With this approach, Activities are in charge of calling the
GithubService, processing the data and updating the views. They act kind of like a controller in MVC but with some extra responsibilities that should be part of the view. The problem with this standard architecture is that Activities and Fragments can become quite large and very difficult to tests. Hence why I didn’t write any unit test for this case.
MVP – Model View Presenter
/app-mvp you will find the sample app implemented following this pattern. When using mvp, Activities and Fragments become part of the view layer and they delegate most of the work to presenters. Each Activity has a matching presenter that handles accessing the model via the
GithubService. They also notify the Activities when the data is ready to display. Unit testing presenters becomes very easy by mocking the view layer (Activities).
MVVM – Model View ViewModel
This pattern has recently started to gain popularity due to the release of the data binding library. You will find the implementation in
/app-mvvm. In this case, ViewModels retrieve data from the model when requested from the view via data binding. With this pattern, Activities and Fragments become very lightweight. Moreover, writting unit tests becomes easier because the ViewModels are decoupled form the view.
Android app architectures Standard Android MVP and MVVM